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Build a docker image

Use Duplo to build and push a docker image from Gitlab CI/CD

Case: Build and Push to DockerHub

The goal of this section is to show how you can build a docker image and push it to DockerHub.
It does three basic things:
  • Logs in to DockerHub
  • Builds and tags your docker image, with the tag based on the git commit SHA.
  • Pushes your docker image

Example Workflow

Here is an example gitlab workflow that builds a docker image and pushes it to DockerHub.
To use it you will need to change:
  • DOCKERHUB_USERNAMEvariable
  • DOCKERHUB_REPOvariable
  • DUPLO_HOSTvariable
  • DUPLO_SERVICE_NAMEvariable
  • TENANT_NAMEvariable
variables:
DOCKERHUB_USERNAME: duplocloud # CHANGE ME!
DOCKERHUB_REPO: mydockerhubid/myrepo # CHANGE ME!
DUPLO_HOST: https://mysystem.duplocloud.net # CHANGE ME!
DUPLO_SERVICE_NAME: myservice # CHANGE ME!
TENANT_NAME: mytenant # CHANGE ME!
docker-build:
# Use the official docker image.
image: docker:latest
stage: build
services:
- docker:dind
before_script:
- docker login -u "$DOCKERHUB_USERNAME" -p "$DOCKERHUB_PASSWORD"
script:
- |
tag=":$CI_COMMIT_SHA"
echo "Running on branch '$CI_COMMIT_BRANCH': tag = $tag"
- docker build --pull -t "$DOCKERHUB_REPO${tag}" .
- docker push "$DOCKERHUB_REPO${tag}"
# Run this job in a branch where a Dockerfile exists
rules:
- if: $CI_COMMIT_BRANCH
exists:
- Dockerfile

Case: Build and Push to Amazon ECR (Elastic Container Reggistry)

The goal of this section is to show how you can build a docker image and push it to Amazon ECR.
It does three basic things:
  • Logs in to Amazon ECR
  • Builds and tags your docker image, with the tag based on the GitLab CI Pipeline execution id.
  • Pushes your docker image to ECR
Prerequisite - A repository in ECR must have been created before proceeding with the next steps.
This process uses DuploCloud API Token (refer DuploCloud API Token) to gain access to AWS ECR.
Go to GitLab > Settings > CI CD > Variables > Expand and ensure that DUPLO_TOKEN variable is set and has correct value. Check the Protect Variable and Masked options for security purposes. You can refer to Configuring GitLab for the steps to setup a service account and to create a token for the newly configured account. The service account must have admin role.
The script uses amazon/aws-cli image as the base running image and uses Docker-in-Docker (docker/dind) to run the Docker commands. It uses duplo_utils.sh script from DuploCloud to get configuration from the DuploCloud instance.

Example Workflow

Here is an example gitlab workflow that builds a docker image and pushes it to DockerHub.
To use it you will need to change:
  • DOCKER_REGISTRYvariable
  • DOCKER_REPO variable
  • DUPLO_HOST variable
  • DUPLO_SERVICE_NAME variable
  • TENANT_NAME variable
  • AWS_DEFAULT_REGIONvariable
  • APP_NAMEvariable
variables:
DOCKER_REGISTRY: <xxxxxxxxxxx>.dkr.ecr.<ecr repo region>.amazonaws.com
DOCKER_REPO: <xxxxxxxxxxx>.dkr.ecr.<ecr repo region>.amazonaws.com/xxx-yyy
AWS_DEFAULT_REGION: <duplo master aws region>
AWS_ECR_REGION: <ECR region>
APP_NAME: <repo name>
DUPLO_HOST: https://<instance>.duplocloud.net
DUPLO_SERVICE_NAME: <duplo service name>
TENANT_NAME: <Tenant Name>
DOCKER_HOST: tcp://docker:2375
stages:
- build
- deploy
build-and-push-job:
stage: build
image:
name: amazon/aws-cli
entrypoint: [""]
services:
- docker:dind
before_script:
- yum install -y wget jq
- amazon-linux-extras install docker
- wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/duplocloud/demo-npm-service/master/.circleci/duplo_utils.sh
- chmod +x duplo_utils.sh
- source duplo_utils.sh
- with_aws>tmp.txt #Get secrets using with_aws script from source duplo_utils.sh
- cat tmp.txt
- cat tmp.txt|grep -i AWS_>tmp1.txt
- cat tmp1.txt
- source tmp1.txt
- export $(cut -d= -f1 tmp1.txt)
- aws ecr get-login-password --region $AWS_ECR_REGION | docker login --username AWS --password-stdin $DOCKER_REGISTRY
- rm tmp.txt tmp1.txt #remove the secrets from the runner
script:
- |
tag="$CI_PIPELINE_IID"
echo "Running on branch '$CI_COMMIT_BRANCH': tag = $tag"
- docker build -t "$DOCKER_REGISTRY/$APP_NAME:${tag}" ./nginx/
- docker push "$DOCKER_REGISTRY/$APP_NAME:${tag}"
- docker logout #For security